[Revised Spring 2020 and converted to take home format.  Please see D2L for more specific exam instructions.]

HISTORY 413: ANCIENT ISRAEL
  REVISED FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE


Please write essay responses to all four (4) questions below.  I would like 250-400 words per question, 4-6 pages total for the exam.  Please do not put all your information into one long paragraph!  Good topic sentences are important.  The IDís on the study guide are a good clue as to what you might talk about in connection with each essay. When you have completed the exam, please put it in the D2L drop box.

On in-class exams, itís OK for you to mostly spit back at me what Iíve spit at you.  The take-home asks for something a bit different.  Here, I want a stronger sense of *your* reaction to the material.  Most of you did a good job with this on the 2nd midterm, but I add here the module on "personalizing" the exam I gave my History 121 students.  You may find some ideas here that will make the exam easier.

A. There are many ways in which the messages of the Hebrew prophets are rightly referred to as "burdens."  Clearly, however, these burdens were worth bearing. One can see both the prophetic burden and the reasons for bearing in Amos and Isaiah. Comment.

B. There are many ways in which the messages of the Hebrew prophets are rightly referred to as "burdens. Clearly, however, these burdens were worth bearing.  One can see both the prophetic burden and the reasons for bearing it in Jeremiah and Ezekiel. Comment.

C.  The people of Ancient Israel may not have added much to human knowledge, but their contributions to human wisdom are very impressive.  Especially important are their explorations of the problem of evil. Comment.

D.  For Jews during the exile and for the post-exilic Jewish community, nothing seemed so important as Jerusalem and the temple.  Yet it was the long struggle to rebuild and maintain the city and the sanctuary that enabled the Jewish community to survive without either. Something came together that enabled the Jews to survive against all odds, and still enables them to survive against all odds today.  Just a book.  But it's *the* book: the most important book ever written--and a book that I hope this very strange class has helped you to better understand.  Comment.
 
Note:  Coins and Judaean History (http://www.electriciti.com/garstang/judaean/index.html) is an excellent online resource for the 168 BC--AD 135 period of Hebrew history.  If lecture seemed confusing, be sure to read through the material on this site.
There will not be an ID section to this exam, but I include below the ID's I usually choose from on this exam.  These figures/terms will often be worth talking about in connection with the associated essay.

A. (NEVIIM), (MINOR PROPHETS), AMOS, JEROBOAM II, ISAIAH, UZZIAH, (NAZAR), SERAPHIM, (SHEARJASHUB), IMMANUEL, MAHERSHALALHASHBAZ, HEZEKIAH, SENNECHARIB

B.  JEREMIAH, ZEDEKIAH, HULDAH, BARUCH, (NECHO), GEDALIAH, LAMENTATIONS, PASHUR,  MERKABAH, TAMMUZ, GOG

C.  EVI, EVII, EVIII, (QOHELETH), (VANITY), UNDER THE SUN,  (ZAKAN), WISDOM,  (MASHAL), PROVERB A, PROVERB B, PROVERB C (Note: EVI, EVII, and EVIII are any three Ecclesiastes verses of your choice, "Proverb A," "Proverb B, and Proverb C" are to be any three proverbs of your choice.) JOB, SATAN, BILDAD THE SHUHITE, EUCATASTROPHE, (HABAKKUK), DANIEL, MESHACH, NEBUCHADNEZZAR, BELSHAZZAR

D.  BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY, CYRUS, ZERUBBABEL, EZRA, NEHEMIAH, HAGGAI, VATICINIUM EX EVENTU,  MALACHI, SYNAGOGUE, ANTIOCHUS EPHIPHANES, MACCABEES