COLUMBUS, THE THIRTY YEARS' WAR, (HABSBURGS), THE DEFENESTRATION
OF PRAGUE, (WALLENSTEIN), (PEACE OF WESTPHALIA)
HARVEY, COPERNICUS, TYCHO BRACHE, KEPLER, GALILEO, NEWTON
(ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S DAY MASSACRE), HENRY IV, EDICT OF NANTES, MARIE DE' MEDICI, LOUIS XIII, ANNE OF AUSTRIA, VERSAILLES, LOUIS XIV
ELIZABETH I, LATITUDINARIANISM, JAMES I, GUNPOWDER PLOT, CHARLES I, CROMWELL, CHARLES II, JAMES II, GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
BOSSUET, HOBBES, (LEVIATHAN), STATE OF NATURE, LOCKE, NATURAL RIGHTS
BACON, DESCARTES, COGITO ERGO SUM, DISCOURSE ON METHOD, MEDITATIONS, PASCAL, PENSEES, PASCAL'S WAGER
CARAVAGGIO, MONTEVERDI, RUBENS, CORELLI, BERNINI, REMBRANDT, (BACH), (HANDEL)
(1. The 17th century began on the brink of chaos. Nearly everything taken for granted in earlier centuries had changed, was changing, or was about to change. While in the long run many of these changes may have been good, the short-term result was often disaster, both for the people of the new world and the old. Comment.)
2. Religion is often viewed as a force standing in the way of scientific progress and other sorts of discovery. In the 16th and 17th century, religious beliefs did sometimes impede the acceptance of new ideas. However, religion was far more often a spur to discovery, and the greatest resistance to new ideas came, not from religion, but from within the scientific community itself. Comment.
3. During the 16th and 17th centuries, France was troubled by the same kinds of problems as the rest of Europe--political, economic, and social tensions made worse by religious division. Even competent rulers and officials had a great deal of difficulty trying to govern the country. Comment.
4. During the 16th and 17th centuries, England was troubled by the same kinds of problems as the rest of Europe--political, economic, and social tensions made worse by religious division. Even competent rulers and officials had a great deal of difficulty trying to govern the country. Comment.
5. Bossuet and Hobbes make convincing cases for strong, almost unlimited governmental authority. John Locke, on the other hand, makes an even better case for limiting government. Comment.
6. Bacon, Descartes, and Pascal all did an excellent job in helping people find order and assurance amid the chaos of the 17th century. Comment.
7. The great Baroque artists did an excellent job helping people find order and assurance amid the chaos of the 17th century. Comment.