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Andersonville was a southern prisoner camp that was very much like a concentration camp.  The conditions there were horrible, and something like 12,000 people died in them, many, if not most, of starvation.  Conditions were so bad, in fact, that the man in charge of Andersonville was the one man executed for war crimes after the civil war.  Andersonville was not just immediately damaging.  After the war was over and prisoners were released, the North would remember the South for Andersonville, and the remembrance caused a great deal of animosity. The North had camps of its own, and more Southerners died in these, so the South had little affection for the North, and both sides held the other responsible, not letting their hatred die off.  With such division, democracy was threatened, as democracy depends on at least a little unity.

The Sherman Antitrust Act was put into effect mainly because of the many different companies that would band together to keep prices high.  Trusts were made by companies that sold the same products.  They would agree to keep the prices of their products high so that consumers didn’t have a choice of going anywhere else.  The Sherman Antitrust Act was made to put a stop to this.  Later on, during the “striking” era, clever lawyers were able to convince judges that unions were doing the same thing, and that the Sherman Antitrust Act made strikes illegal.  The significance of the Sherman Antitrust Act is that it was made to protect “free enterprise,” and, even though it tried to do this, it also hindered it, by not letting people protest for higher wages and better conditions.